# History¶

## 3.0.1 (2023-11-02)¶

This new bugfix release of `unyt`

fixes a few bugs since the v3.0.0 release.

Fix an issue where array functions would raise

`UnitConsistencyError`

on`unyt_array`

objects using non-default unit registries (PR #463). Thank you to Clément Robert (@neutrinoceros on GitHub) for the contribution.Fix an issue where array functions would crash (

`AttributeError`

) when passed non-`ndarray`

array-like objects (e.g. Python lists) (PR #464). Thank you to Clément Robert (@neutrinoceros on GitHub) for the contribution.Fix backward compatibility for calling

`numpy.histogram`

with implicit range units (PR #466). Thank you to Clément Robert (@neutrinoceros on GitHub) for the contribution.

## 3.0.0 (2023-11-01)¶

This new major release of `unyt`

fixes a number of issues and adds a number
of new features. Major contributions include:

Support for Python 3.8 has been dropped.

Support for Python 3.12 has been added.

Support for NumPy <1.19.3 has been dropped.

Support for SymPy <1.7 has been dropped.

A new

`unyt_dask_array`

class, which implements a subclass of standard dask arrays with units attached, has been added (PR #185). See Working with Dask arrays for more details. Thank you to Chris Havlin (@chrishavlin on Github) for the contribution.A number of new metric and non-metric units have been added in PR #441. Thank you to John ZuHone (@jzuhone on GitHub) for the contribution.

A number of common values for the solar metallicity found in the literature have been added as new metallicity units (PR #315). See Metallicity Unit Conversions for more details. Thank you to John ZuHone (@jzuhone on GitHub) for the contribution.

The “liter” unit has been added (PR #305). Thank you to Nathan Goldbaum (@ngoldbaum on GitHub) for the contribution.

The following common systems engineering units for energy have been added:

`MMBTU`

,`therm`

,`quad`

, and`Wh`

(PR #294). Thank you to Sam Dotson (@samgdotson on GitHub) for the contribution.The

`@returns`

decorator (documented in Checking Units) now allows dimension-checking of multiple return values (PR #435). Thank you to Daniel Bates (@db434 on GitHub) for the contribution.A number of PRs to support NEP 18, including the following (thank you to Clément Robert, @neutrinoceros on GitHub, and Nathan Goldbaum, @ngoldbaum on Github, for the contributions):

A fix for for the LaTeX representation of Planck units (PR #379). Thank you to Peter Hayman (@haymanpf on GitHub) for the contribution.

A fix for a bug that prevented the conversion of dimensionless arrays to their corresponding AstroPy Quantities (PR #437). Thank you to Clément Robert (@neutrinoceros on GitHub) for the contribution.

A fix for a bug in subtraction of temperature quantities that resulted in

`degC`

units being returned instead of`delta_degC`

units (PR #413). Thank you to Clément Robert (@neutrinoceros on GitHub) for the contribution.Fixes for issues with the comparison of temperature quantities (PR #408 and PR #412). Thank you to Clément Robert (@neutrinoceros on GitHub) for the contribution.

Support for versions of NumPy < 1.19 has been dropped in this version (PR #403). Thank you to Clément Robert (@neutrinoceros on GitHub) for the contribution.

A number of PRs to support NumPy 2.0, thank you to Clément Robert (@neutrinoceros on GitHub) for the contributions:

## 2.9.5 (2023-02-22)¶

Fix a regression where arrays elements with dtype

`'int8'`

would not compare to floats as intended. See PR #371. Thank you to Clément Robert (@neutrinoceros on GitHub) and Nathan Goldbaum (@ngoldbaum on GitHub) for the contribution.Raise an error in case an array element is assigned to a new value with incompatible units. See PR #375 and PR #376. Thank you to Nathan Goldbaum (@ngoldbaum on GitHub) for the contribution.

## 2.9.4 (2023-02-06)¶

Make

`unyt_quantity.from_string`

parse ints. See PR #278. Thank you to Nathan Goldbaum (@ngoldbaum on GitHub) for the contribution.TST: migrate from tox-pyenv to tox-gh-actions #344 See PR #344. Thank you to Clément Robert (@neutrinoceros on GitHub) for the contribution.

Correctly test string comparison depending on numpy version #358 See PR #358. Thank you to Clément Robert (@neutrinoceros on GitHub) for the contribution.

Multiple fixes for

`unyt_quantity.from_string`

fix a bug where

`unyt_quantity.from_string`

would drop part of the unit expressionfix a bug where

`unyt_quantity.from_string`

would choke on unit expressions starting with`'*'`

or`'/'`

fix a bug where

`unyt_quantity.from_string`

would choke on space-separated unit expressionsfix roundtrip for

`unyt_quantity.from_string`

and`unyt_quantity.to_string`

methodssimplify unit regexp (

`'**/2'`

isn’t a valid exponent)fix a bug where malformed string input would be incorrectly parsed by

`unyt_quantity.from_string`

See PR #362. Thank you to Clément Robert (@neutrinoceros on GitHub) for the contribution, and to Chris Byrohl (@cbyrohl on GitHub) for the report.

## 2.9.3 (2022-12-07)¶

Fix a future incompatibility with numpy 1.25 (unreleased) where comparing

`unyt_array`

objects to non-numeric objects (e.g. strings) would cause a crash. See PR #333. Thank you to Clément Robert (@neutrinoceros on GitHub) and Nathan Goldbaum (@ngoldbaum on GitHub) for the contribution.

## 2.9.2 (2022-07-20)¶

Fix an issue where taking powers of units was backwards-incompatible with previous versions of

`unyt`

when the exponent is not zero. See PR #249. Thank you to Clément Robert (@neutrinoceros on GitHub) for the contribution.The import time for

`unyt`

has been reduced by skipping version checking of other packages. See PR #251. Thank you to Clément Robert (@neutrinoceros on GitHub) for the contribution.

## 2.9.0 (2022-07-14)¶

Dropped support for Python 3.6 and 3.7.

Added support for Python 3.8, 3.9 and 3.10.

Fix an issue where SI prefixes of the

`degC`

units would give incorrect values in conversions. See PR #176. Thank you to Lee Johnston (@l-johnston on GitHub) for the contribution.Fix an issue when using

`matplotlib_support`

, plot an empty unyt array, would result in an error when changing units. See PR #180. Thank you to Josh Borrow (@JBorrow on GitHub) for the contribution.Fix an issue where units would be printed twice in formatted strings with an

`unyt_array`

embedded. See PR #188. Thank you to Clément Robert (@neutrinoceros on GitHub) for the contribution.Add a method to parse a

`unyt_quantity`

from a string expression. See PR #191. Thank you to Clément Robert (@neutrinoceros on GitHub) for the contribution.Fix an issue where a

`unyt_array`

with dtype int8 could not be converted to a different unit. See PR #197. Thank you to Clément Robert (@neutrinoceros on GitHub) for the contribution.The import time for

`unyt`

has been reduced. See PR #199. Thank you to Clément Robert (@neutrinoceros on GitHub) for the contribution.Fix an issue where taking an

`unyt_array`

or`unyt_quantity`

to a zero power would retain the units of the original array or quantity instead of converting to a dimensionless array. See PR #204. Thank you to Josh Borrow (@JBorrow on GitHub) for the contribution.Add support for coercing iterables of

`unyt_array`

objects with nonuniform dimensionally equivalent units to a single`unyt_array`

. See PR #211. Thank you to Nathan Goldbaum (@ngoldbaum on GitHub) for the contribution.Add the civil engineering units

`pli`

,`plf`

,`psf`

,`kli`

,`klf`

, and`ksf`

. See PR #217. Thank you to @osnippet on GitHub for the contribution.Fix typos in constants and unit prefixes. See PR #218. Thank you to Clément Robert (@neutrinoceros on GitHub) for the contribution.

Fix an issue where multiplying a 1-element

`unyt_array`

would return a`unyt_quantity`

. See PR #225. Thank you to Clément Robert (@neutrinoceros on GitHub) for the contribution.Add the Rydberg constant

`R_∞`

and unit`Ry`

, add the dimension`angular_frequency`

and the unit`rpm`

, and increase the precision of Avogadro’s number. See PR #228.Fix an issue where

`np.divide.reduce`

would return incorrect units for`unyt_array`

instances. See PR #230. Thank you to Kyle Oman (@kyleaoman on GitHub) for the contribution.

## 2.8.0 (2020-10-05)¶

Dropped support for Python 3.5.

Add

`delta_degC`

and`delta_degF`

units to support temperature difference arithmetic. See PR #152. Thank you to Lee Johnston (@l-johnston on GitHub) for the contribution.Fix an issue where a subsequent load of the unit registry with units that are equal but not identical leads to a crash. See PR #158. Thank you to Matthew Turk (@matthewturk on GitHub) for the initial bug report and fix.

Add force unit

`kip`

and pressure unit`psi`

. Thank you to P. Talley (@otaithleigh on GitHub) for the contribution. See PR #162.Fix an issue where arithmetic operations on units defined in different registries and having the conversion defined in one direction would lead to a crash. See PR #164. Thank you to Clément Robert (@neutrinoceros on GitHub) for the initial bug report and fix.

## 2.7.2 (2020-06-29)¶

The

`unyt.returns`

and`unyt.accepts`

decorators now work correctly for functions that accept or return data with dimensionless units. See PR #146. Thank you to Simon Schopferer (@simfinite on GitHub) for the initial bug report and fix.Data used in the tests are packaged with the source distribution and

`unyt.test()`

is now itself run as part of unyt’s continuous integration tests. See PR #149 and PR #150. Thank you to Miguel de Val-Borro (@migueldvb on GitHub) for the initial bug report and fix.The

`degC`

and`degF`

units now render as`°C`

and`°F`

by default,`°C`

and`°F`

are now recognized as valid unit names as well. Thank you to Lee Johnston (@l-johnston on GitHub) for the contribution.Use a more canonical representation of the micro symbol when printing units with the micro prefix, avoiding issues with displaying unit names in Matplotlib plot labels. See PR #153. Thank you to Matthew Turk (@matthewturk on GitHub) for the bug report and fix.

Add more alternative spellings for solar units. See PR #155. Thank you to Clément Robert (@neutrinoceros on GitHub) for the initial bug report.

## 2.7.1 (2020-02-17)¶

## 2.7.0 (2020-02-06)¶

The

`unyt_array`

and`unyt_quantity`

classes now have a new, optional`name`

attribute. The primary purpose of this attribute is to enable automatic generation of matplotlib plot labels. The`name`

attribute is propagated through unit conversions and copies but is not propagated through mathematical operations. See PR #129 and the documentation for details.Add support for the

`Neper`

and`Bel`

units with logarithmic dimensions. This includes support for the`decibel`

unit. Note that logarithmic units can only be used with other logarithmic units and must be applied and stripped manually. See PR #133 and PR #134.Add support for the SI unit of inductance,

`H`

. See PR #135.Fix formatting of error message produced when raising a quantity to a power with units. See PR #131. Thank you to Lee Johnston (@l-johnston on GitHub) for all of the above contributions.

Fix incorrect unit metadata when loading a pickled array saved by

`yt.units`

. See PR #137.

## 2.6.0 (2020-01-22)¶

Matplotlib support is no longer enabled by importing

`unyt`

. Instead, it is now necessary to use the`unyt.matplotlib_support`

context manager in code where you want unyt to automatically generate plot labels. Enabling Matplotlib support by default in the previous release caused crashes in previously working code for some users so we have decided to make the plotting support optional. See the documentation for more details. We are sorry for introducing a new feature that broke some user’s code. See PR #126. Thank you to Lee Johnston (@l-johnston on GitHub) for the contribution.Updated the contribution guide to include more details about setting up multiple Python versions for the

`tox`

tests.

## 2.5.0 (2020-01-20)¶

Importing unyt now registers unyt with Matplotlib’s interface for handling units. See the Matplotlib and unyt documentation for more details. See PR #122 and PR #124. Thank you to Lee Johnston (@l-johnston on GitHub) for the contribution.

Updated the LaTeX formatting of solar units so they do not get rendered italicized. See PR #120. Thank you to Josh Borrow (@JBorrow on GitHub) for the contribution.

Reduce floating point round-off error when data are converted from integer to float dtypes. See PR #119.

## 2.4.1 (2020-01-10)¶

## 2.4.0 (2019-10-25)¶

Improve performance for creating quantities or small arrays via multiplication with a unit object. Creating an array or quantity from data that does not have a numeric dtype will now raise

`UnitOperationError`

instead of`UnitDtypeError`

, which has been removed. See PR #111.Comparing data with units that have different dimensions using the

`==`

and`!=`

operators will no longer raise an error. Other comparison operators will continue to raise errors. See PR #109.Fixed a corner case in the implementation of

`clip`

. See PR #108. Thank you to Matthew Turk (@matthewturk on GitHub) for the contribution.Added

`%`

as a valid dimensionless unit with a value of`0.01`

, also available under the name`percent`

. See PR #106. Thank you to Thomas Hisch for the contribution.Added

`bar`

to the default unit lookup table. See PR #103. Thank you to Thomas Hisch (@thisch on GitHub) for the contribution.

## 2.3.1 (2019-08-21)¶

Added support for the

`clip`

ufunc added in NumPy 1.17. See PR #102.

## 2.3.0 (2019-08-14)¶

Added

`unyt.dimensions.accepts`

and`unyt.dimensions.returns`

, decorators that can be used to ensure that data passed into a decorated function has units that are dimensionally consistent with the function’s expected inputs. See PR #98. Thank you to Andrei Berceanu (@berceanu on GitHub) for the contribution.Added

`unyt.allclose_units`

and improved documentation for writing tests for code that uses`unyt`

. This is a wrapper for`numpy.allclose`

that also checks the units of the input arrays. See PR #94. Thank you to Andrei Berceanu (@berceanu on GitHub) for the contribution.

## 2.2.2 (2019-07-03)¶

Fix erroneous conversions of E&M units to their “native” unit system, for example, converting Gauss to CGS units would return Tesla and converting Tesla to MKS units would return Gauss. See PR #96.

## 2.2.1 (2019-07-02)¶

Add support for loading JSON unit registries saved by

`yt.units`

. See PR #93.Correct the value of the

`light_year`

unit. See PR #93.It is now possible to define a

`UnitSystem`

object with a quantity. See PR #86.Incorrect units for Planck units have been fixed. See PR #85. Thank you to Nathan Musoke (@musoke on GitHub) for the contribution.

Updated value of Newton’s constant to latest CODATA value. See PR #84.

## 2.2.0 (2019-04-03)¶

Several performance optimizations. This includes a slight change to the behavior of MKS/CGS E&M unit conversions that makes the conversion rules slightly more relaxed. See PR #82.

## 2.1.1 (2019-03-27)¶

Fixed an issue with restoring unit registries from JSON output. See PR #81.

## 2.1.0 (2019-03-26)¶

This release includes a few minor new features and bugfixes for the 2.0.0 release.

Added support for the matmul

`@`

operator. See PR #80.Allow defining unit systems using

`Unit`

instances instead of string unit names. See PR #71. Thank you to Josh Borrow (@JBorrow on GitHub) for the contribution.Fix incorrect behavior when

`uhstack`

is called with the`axis`

argument. See PR #73.Add

`"rsun"`

,`"lsun"`

, and`"au"`

as alternate spellings for the`"Rsun"`

,`"Lsun"`

, and`"AU"`

units. See PR #77.Improvements for working with code unit systems. See PR #78.

Reduce impact of floating point round-off noise on unit comparisons. See PR #79.

## 2.0.0 (2019-03-08)¶

`unyt`

2.0.0 includes a number of exciting new features as well as some
bugfixes. There are some small backwards incompatible changes in this release
related to automatic unit simplification and handling of dtypes. Please see the
release notes below for more details. If you are upgrading from `unyt 1.x`

we
suggest testing to make sure these changes do not siginificantly impact you. If
you run into issues please let us know by opening an issue on GitHub.

Dropped support for Python 2.7 and Python 3.4. Added support for Python 3.7.

Added

`Unit.simplify()`

, which cancels pairs of terms in a unit expression that have inverse dimensions and made it so the results of`unyt_array`

multiplication and division will automatically simplify units. This means operations that combine distinct dimensionally equivalent units will cancel in many situations. For example>>> from unyt import kg, g >>> print((12 * kg) / (4 * g)) 3000.0 dimensionless

older versions of

`unyt`

would have returned`4.0 kg/g`

. See PR #58 for more details. This change may cause the units of operations to have different, equivalent simplified units than they did with older versions of`unyt`

.Added the ability to resolve non-canonical unit names to the equivalent canonical unit names. This means it is now possible to refer to a unit name using an alternative non-canonical unit name when importing the unit from the

`unyt`

namespace as well as when a unit name is passed as a string to`unyt`

. For example:>>> from unyt import meter, second >>> data = 1000.0 * meter / second >>> data.to("kilometer/second") unyt_quantity(1., 'km/s') >>> data.to("metre/s") unyt_quantity(1000., 'm/s')

The documentation now has a table of units recognized by

`unyt`

along with known alternative spellings for each unit.Added support for unicode unit names, including

`μm`

for micrometer and`Ω`

for ohm. See PR #59.Substantially improved support for data that does not have a

`float64`

dtype. Rather than coercing all data to`float64`

`unyt`

will now preserve the dtype of data. Data that is not already a numpy array will be coerced to a dtype by calling`np.array`

internally. Converting integer data to a new unit will convert the data to floats, if this causes a loss of precision then a warning message will be printed. See PR #55 for details. This change may cause data to be loaded into`unyt`

with a different dtype. On Windows the default integer dtype is`int32`

, so data may begin to be recognized as`int32`

or converted to`float32`

where before it was interpreted as`float64`

by default.Unit registries are now associated with a unit system. This means that it’s possible to create a unit registry that is associated with a non-MKS unit system so that conversions to “base” units will end up in that non-MKS system. For example:

>>> from unyt import UnitRegistry, unyt_quantity >>> ureg = UnitRegistry(unit_system="cgs") >>> data = unyt_quantity(12, "N", registry=ureg) >>> data.in_base() unyt_quantity(1200000., 'dyn')

See PR #62 for details.

Added two new utility functions,

`unyt.unit_systems.add_constants`

and`unyt.unit_systems.add_symbols`

that can populate a namespace with a set of unit symbols in the same way that the top-level`unyt`

namespace is populated. For example, the author of a library making use of`unyt`

could create an object that users can use to access unit data like this:>>> from unyt.unit_systems import add_symbols >>> from unyt.unit_registry import UnitRegistry >>> class UnitContainer: ... def __init__(self): ... add_symbols(vars(self), registry=UnitRegistry()) ... >>> units = UnitContainer() >>> units.kilometer km >>> units.microsecond μs

See PR #68.

The

`unyt`

codebase is now automatically formatted by black. See PR #57.Add missing “microsecond” name from top-level

`unyt`

namespace. See PR #48.Add support for

`numpy.argsort`

by defining`unyt_array.argsort`

. See PR #52.Add Farad unit and fix issues with conversions between MKS and CGS electromagnetic units. See PR #54.

Fixed incorrect conversions between inverse velocities and

`statohm`

. See PR #61.Fixed issues with installing

`unyt`

from source with newer versions of`pip`

. See PR #63.Fixed bug when using

`define_unit`

that caused crashes when using a custom unit registry. Thank you to Bili Dong (@qobilidob on GitHub) for the pull request. See PR #64.

We would also like to thank Daniel Gomez (@dangom), Britton Smith (@brittonsmith), Lee Johnston (@l-johnston), Meagan Lang (@langmm), Eric Chen (@ericchen), Justin Gilmer (@justinGilmer), and Andy Perez (@sharkweek) for reporting issues.

## 1.0.7 (2018-08-13)¶

Trigger zenodo archiving.

## 1.0.6 (2018-08-13)¶

Minor paper updates to finalize JOSS submission.

## 1.0.5 (2018-08-03)¶

`unyt`

1.0.5 includes changes that reflect the peew review process for the
JOSS method paper. The peer reviewers were Stuart Mumfork (@cadair), Trevor Bekolay (@tbekolay), and Yan Grange (@ygrange). The editor was Kyle Niemeyer (@kyleniemeyer). The `unyt`

development team thank our
reviewers and editor for their help getting the `unyt`

paper out the door as
well as for the numerous comments and suggestions that improved the paper and
package as a whole.

In addition we’d like to thank Mike Zingale, Meagan Lang, Maksin Ratkin, DougAJ4, Ma Jianjun, Paul Ivanov, and Stephan Hoyer for reporting issues.

Added docstrings for the custom exception classes defined by

`unyt`

. See PR #44.Added improved documentation to the contributor guide on how to run the tests and what the PR review guidelines are. See PR #43.

Updates to the text of the method paper in response to reviewer suggestions. See PR #42.

It is now possible to run the tests on an installed copy of

`unyt`

by executing`unyt.test()`

. See PR #41.Minor edit to LICENSE file so GitHub recognizes it. See PR #40. Thank you to Kyle Sunden (@ksunden) for the contribution.

Add spatial frequency as a dimension and added support in the

`spectral`

equivalence for the spatial frequency dimension. See PR #38 Thank you to Kyle Sunden (@ksunden) for the contribution.Add support for Python 3.7. See PR #37.

Importing

`unyt`

will now fail if`numpy`

and`sympy`

are not installed. See PR #35Testing whether a unit name is contained in a unit registry using the Python

`in`

keyword will now work correctly for all unit names. See PR #31.The aliases for megagram in the top-level unyt namespace were incorrectly set to reference kilogram and now have the correct value. See PR #29.

Make it possible to take scalars to dimensionless array powers with a properly broadcasted result without raising an error about units. See PR #23.

Whether or not a unit is allowed to be SI-prefixable (for example, meter is SI-prefixable to form centimeter, kilometer, and many other units) is now stored as metadata in the unit registry rather than as global state inside

`unyt`

. See PR #21.Made adjustments to the rules for converting between CGS and MKS E&M units so that errors are only raised when going between unit systems and not merely when doing a complicated unit conversion invoving E&M units. See PR #20.

`round(q)`

where`q`

is a`unyt_quantity`

instance will no longer raise an error and will now return the nearest rounded float. See PR #19.Fixed a typo in the readme. Thank you to Paul Ivanov (@ivanov) for the fix.

Added smoot as a unit. See PR #14.

## 1.0.4 (2018-06-08)¶

Expand installation instructions

Mention paper and arxiv submission in the readme.

## 1.0.3 (2018-06-06)¶

Fix readme rendering on pypi

## 1.0.2 (2018-06-06)¶

Added a paper to be submitted to the Journal of Open Source Software.

Tweaks for the readme

## 1.0.1 (2018-05-24)¶

Don’t use setup_requires in setup.py

## 1.0.0 (2018-05-24)¶

First release on PyPI.

unyt began life as a submodule of yt named yt.units.

It was separated from yt.units as its own package in 2018.